Titanium and zirconia are the two most commonly used materials for dental implants. Titanium is the gold standard for root replacement, as it is non-toxic, durable, and lightweight. It allows bone to expand properly during the healing period and creates a lasting affinity. Titanium porcelain is also often used for dental implants, as it can be easily implanted in the bone.
Titanium alloys, which include traces of other metals such as nickel, aluminum, molybdenum, vanadium, niobium, or zirconium, are also used. Zirconia is another popular material for dental implants due to its strength and resistance to wear and corrosion. It is a great replacement solution and can last more than 30 years. While titanium and zirconia are still the most popular materials for dental implants, there are other options available.
These alternatives are not as common yet, but they may become more popular as technology advances and new ways to shorten the dental implant process are developed. Building a dental implant can take several months depending on how quickly the jaw around the implant heals and how long it takes to customize a dental crown for the patient. As researchers continue to study many alternative materials, titanium remains the “gold standard” for implant materials due to its strength and resistance to wear and corrosion.