If you're considering getting dental implants to restore your smile, you may be wondering how many different types of implants are available. There are three common types of dental implants you can choose from: endosteal, subperiosteal, and zygomatic. Each type of implant has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it's important to understand the differences before making a decision. Endosteal implants are the most common type of dental implant.
They involve placing a screw-like implant into the jawbone and allowing it to heal for a few months. After the mouth has healed, a second minor surgery is performed to expose the implant and attach the abutment and crown or temporary restoration. Endosteal implants are usually more secure and last longer than other types of implants. Subperiosteal implants are an alternative to endosteal implants for people who don't have enough healthy jawbone or don't want to undergo a jaw graft procedure.
Instead of being screwed into the jawbone, subperiosteal implants are placed on top of the bone, under the gum. This type of implant is placed during a single-stage procedure and is visible above the gum line. Zygomatic implants are a newer type of implant that involves placing a longer implant in the jaw and gums so that the upper part of the implant is exposed. This type of implant is ideal for people who have lost teeth due to periodontal injury or disease.
Zygomatic implants require only one surgical procedure and can provide a secure base for an artificial tooth. Every patient with dental implants has a specific set of needs, and the types of dental implants used are largely based on those needs. Your dentist will likely choose the type based on your individual needs. It's important to note that zirconium implants don't last as long as titanium implants, so they haven't been subject to as much testing.